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Anatomy Of The Colon And Rectum



Anatomy Of The Colon And Rectum

The human digestive system is made up of a small intestinal tract and a large intestine. The rectum and the colon are both parts of the large intestine. We will discuss how the colon works as well as the rectum. It is necessary to take consultation from the best Fistula Doctor in Kolkata.

Anatomy and Physiology

The colon is the longest section in the large intestine. It is a long, tube-like organ that drains water from the food that has been digested. It is also divided in:

The ascending colon is the place where the large intestine, into which the small intestine is empty. it starts on the lower left side of the abdomen. It goes up towards the transverse colon. It’s 20cm long.

The transverse colon extends across the abdomen’s top from left to right which leads to the lower colon, which eliminates waste from onto the right side. It is the biggest and most mobile part of the colon, measuring around 45 cm in length.

Descending colon follows the traverse colon and is located on the left in the abdominal area. It’s about 30 cm long.

In the end, the sigmoid colon is the end of the colon, which takes the waste away for a few more inches down towards the rectum. It’s 40cm long. A cross-sectional view of the sigmoid colon and rectum will show the place where waste exits the body by the system of the anus.

The transverse colon and ascending colon are referred to as colon proximal, whereas the colon descends and the sigmoid colon is known as the distal colon.

Its length is approximately 15cm. It connects the sigmoid colon to the canal of the anal. The colon is a storage facility for waste until it is released from the anus.

The colon is divided into layers and the rectum

It is composed of layers of tissue that form the colon and the rectum. They include:


The lining that surrounds both the rectum and colon is called the mucosa. It is composed of:

A thin layer of epithelial cells referred to as epithelium

connective tissue layer

Muscle layer is known as the mucosa of the muscular


The submucosa is the layer of connective tissue that surrounds the mucosa. It is home to mucous glands, lymph vessels, blood vessels, and nerves.

Muscularis propria

The muscularis propria is located in the submucosa. It is an extensive skin of muscle. 


The outermost portion of the colon is known as the serosa, which is absent in the majority of the rectum.

Functions of the colon as well as the functions of the rectum and colon

The colon and rectum

We absorb water and some of the nutrition from food and drink

design and stool for storage

Get rid of waste in the body

After digestion, food particles move through the colon via the small intestine. The colon’s tissues contract and relax, allowing food particles to move through the rectum and colon. This is known as peristalsis.

Within the colon, the bacteria break down food particles into smaller pieces. The mucosa’s outer layer mucosa sucks up water and other nutrients.

The remaining liquid waste is from the semi-solid stool. Mucosa also produces mucus, which helps stool easily move through the rectum and colon. When stool travels through the colon it absorbs more water and then becomes more solid.

After the colon is empty The stool is then moved into the rectum. The rectum houses the space to hold the stool. When the rectum is fully filled it will throw the stool away from the body through the anus.

How can you keep the health of the colon and the rectum?

Most colon and rectal issues result from poor stool movement. Sometimes, they’re too rigid or too loose. A bowel movement that is too hard can cause cuts or tears in the region of the anal and loose bowel movements can be a nuisance around the anal area and cause itching around the opening of the anal. So, if the volume and frequency of the bowel movements is adequate, then constipation and rectum issues will go away. A balanced food plan, simple elimination, and proper cleansing can help prevent issues with the colon and rectum.

Rectal and Colon Diseases And Conditions

There are a variety of issues that affect the colon and rectum that could be either structural or functional.

Functional Disorders

A condition in which there isn’t any physical injury to the rectum or the colon however the bowel fails to perform as it should. The majority of the time, people do not understand the cause.


Constipation is a frequent and painful stool movement. The stool gets hard when there isn’t a bowel movement for longer than three to four days. The reason for constipation could be an inadequate diet of fiber and fluid or water levels in the body or holding onto calls to the bathroom.

Constipation can cause strain in bowel movements and can cause anal issues like piles, fissures or fistula. It is possible to try homemade remedies for constipation. They’re very efficient.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

IBS is a frequent disease that affects the large colon. The colony’s muscles are contracted in an abnormal way, causing a variety of difficulties. The colon is under pressure. the colon. These contractions can cause stomach acidity, bloating and abdominal pain, or cramps. Changes in diet can help improve the symptoms of irritable colon syndrome.

Structural Disorder

If there’s a problem like soreness or cut or anything that requires to be fixed or removed for example, a section of the colon to treat diverticulitis or colon cancer.

Anal Problems

Piles or Hemorrhoids

The hemorrhoids, also known as piles, cause swelling or inflammation in the veins of the lower rectum, or the anus. There are generally two types of hemorrhoids, external and internal.

The internal hemorrhoids are blood vessels that are located inside the opening in the anterior. Internal hemorrhoids can be the result of straining too much or pressure in pregnancy. They may become inflamed, and cause bleeding, and they may also expand out of the anal opening.

Hemorrhoids are external occur just under the skin, outside of the anus. They don’t trigger any symptoms. They can be extremely painful, and they could be a concern in everyday living, especially during stool movements or sitting for long periods of time.

Methods to treat piles

Home remedies for pimples can help during the beginning stage. In the event that piles aren’t treated, they require surgical intervention. Laser treatment for piles is among the most effective treatment options that is not invasive. Find out more about piles laser therapy and get in touch with our medical coordinators should you have any questions.

Anal Fissure

Anal fissure refers to the tear in the opening of the anal that occurs as a result of constipation(hard stool) or diarrhea. The patient experiences severe pain, burning, and soreness of the anal region. Anal fissures are often misinterpreted as piles if it is diagnosed.

Treatment for Fissure:

Fissures can be treated with surgery occasionally. However, in certain instances, the laser procedure is recommended when the tear is not able to heal using medication or at-home solutions.


Perineal abscess refers to an accumulation of pus that is due to blockage or infection in the anal area. The remedy for abscesses is to drain the pus.

Anal Fistula

An anal fistula can be described as a tube connecting an infected or asymptomatic gland or abscess within the anus to an opening that surrounds the region of the anus. 

Treatment for Anal Fistula:

Laser surgery is usually recommended by Fistula Specialist Doctor in Kolkata to treat anal fistula based on the severity of the condition. Laser surgery is among the most effective treatments for anal Fistula.

Other anal infections

An abscess develops, which is filled with pus within the cleft. It is composed of hair, waste, and dirt. It may cause pain that is severe and could lead to infections. It is usually required surgery to treat.

We offer laser treatment for anorectal problems using the use of lasers that are minimally invasive.

Colon and rectal issues

Rectal Prolapse

Rectal prolapse is a condition that occurs when the Rectal Prolapse can be described as a situation where the rectum shrinks and then comes out of its anal.


It is a small bulge within the lining of the large intestine, which is usually within the colon. The bulges can trigger extreme abdominal discomfort, nausea, or a change in the frequency of bowel movements. The complications, if the problem isn’t treated promptly, could be a blockage within your colon, an abscess, or peritonitis that can be an emergency medical situation.


It is a set of disorders that can cause swelling and inflammation in the large intestine, specifically the colon and rectum. There are several types of colitis:

Infectious colitis is a condition that can be attributed to an infection within the large bowel

Ischemic colitis occurs when there is a lack of circulation of blood to the colon.

Radiation colitis (after radiation therapy, typically for rectal, prostate, or Gynecological cancer)

Ulcerative colitis

Crohn’s disease

Polyps and cancer

Colon cancer is a serious concern. The tissues that line the large intestine’s lining expand and split in an uncontrollable way. Polyps are the enlargement of abnormal colon tissues or the rectum.

Take Away

There are serious issues that require a general doctor or proctologist to determine the proper diagnosis. We know that issues with the rectum and colon cause people to feel uncomfortable to discuss. Talking to a physician is the best method to avoid them. Treatment is contingent on how severe the problem is and the appropriate treatment for the patient. The issue could be a result of fistula, piles, fissure or abscess, fecal incontinence, or prolapse.

So, timely medical treatment will help prevent colon and rectum illnesses. Rectal exams are recommended prior to beginning any treatment. Know more about it.

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Health and Fitness

Home Remedies To Cure Fistula – Guide



A fistula is a passageway between a tubular or hollow opening and a body tissue or between two organs that resemble tubes. Although fistulas can be found at different locations in the body, they are the most frequently encountered fistulas. If you are suffering from any of the signs of fistula, it’s always recommended to talk to your physician. If needed, you can make lifestyle modifications and home remedies to heal fistula. Consult with the best Fistula Doctor in Kolkata for more details.

7 Best Home Remedies for Anal Fistula:

Sitz bath

The sitz bath is one of the best methods to ease the symptoms of the anal fistula which are swelling, irritation as well as pain, and inflammation. A Sitz bath is the process of soaking the area around the anal in warm water. The water shouldn’t be too hot. Fistula patients are advised to be bathing in sitz at least three times per day.

Eat a balanced diet

Make sure you take care of your diet to ensure that your digestive system and stomach well-maintained. Avoid spicy foods, as well as junk food and fat-laden foods and help, improve digestion health conditions that are less vulnerable to issues. Consider eating more whole grains as well as leafy green vegetable fruits and lean cuts of meat. By adding cereal and fibers to your diet will allow you to prevent constipation, which could make a fistula more uncomfortable. A few cooking hacks you can employ to help with symptoms of fistula include:

Honey antimicrobial substances and their daily consumption are beneficial to overall health. Consume one spoon of honey. Mix it into a glass of water that is lukewarm.

Coconut oil It is possible to apply coconut oil to the anal sphincter, and you can include it in your diet.

Oregano Oil: The oil is antibacterial and antiviral properties, as well as an antibiotic as well as anti-inflammatory qualities.

Flax seeds Drink an ice cube adding one tablespoon flaxseed. Mix it well, and consume it before sleep. It assists in regulating bowel movements.

Drink water

Drink plenty of water. It is one of the most effective remedies to treat fistula at home. Avoid soda and alcohol; as an alternative, drink huge quantities of water and juices of fruits. It is possible to drink turmeric milk, ginger tea, or other drinks. This will help to prevent constipation which puts the fistula under pressure. A large amount of water can soften the waste and help in cleansing the digestive tract.

Use donut pillows

If your job in the toilet requires you to be seated for long periods, try to be sure to avoid any pressure that is placed on your buttocks, back, and legs, in particular in the case of a fistula in the anal. It can be accomplished by sitting on a “donut pillow” instead of the standard chair or sitting on your toilet directly. Donut pillows are among the best remedies at home for piles.

Maintain a good hygiene in the toilet.

Always wash your mouth following every bowel movement, or when you go to the bathroom. Be sure to avoid any residual bacteria on your skin because it’s the first step to avoid an infection. If you’re on the go and aren’t able to clean your hands, you should always have clean-up wipes on hand to use until you are able to return back home. Hands are the primary exposure to germs, so it is essential to clean them frequently. Change your underwear as often throughout the day, especially if your fistula is leaky. This can stop spreading germs and the growth of bacteria, which may reduce the irritation in the peri-anal region and consequently can help to eliminate the uncomfortable symptoms of fistulas.

Improve your immune system

A healthy diet and eating foods such as olive oil, fish, and citrus fruits, which are high in omega-3s, vitamin C, and omega-6s will aid in strengthening your immune system as well as reduce the severity of inflammation that you might experience due to fistula.

Take Away

If the fistula in the anal is severe the chance of healing fistulas is much easier. It is recommended to see a physician. Making an appointment with a healthcare professional can give you the greatest chance of having your anal fistula addressed. You can reach the Fistula Specialist in Kolkata, Dr. Azhar Alam, or get an online consultation with any one of the proctologists or general doctors who treat anal fistula. Our experienced doctors provide individualized solutions to offer hassle-free treatment for patients.

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Health and Fitness

Bioptimizer Magnesium breakthrough




BiOptimizers is a nutritional product sold exclusively online through The product is marketed as for people who seek to improve their energy at a cellular level. The product helps increase energy, aids digestion, supports fat and protein digestion, and enjoys other benefits.

The manufacturers of the product claim they give robust benefits, which other digestive enzyme supplements do not. By consuming every day and before every meal, you can lower bad cholesterol improve cardiovascular and mitochondrial health.

Is Bioptimizers Fda Approved       

All supplements in the biOptimizers lineup implement several strict guidelines to ensure quality across the board. They are all made in the USA, FDA approved, made in a GMP certified facility, and have the manufacturing COA badge.

How Safe Is Bioptimizers     

As with all the other facets of the company, BiOptimizers takes safety very seriously. Stringent guidelines ensure that all the supplements on their list are manufactured in a GMP-certified facility in the USA are of the absolute best quality. The products are FDA-approved and carry the manufacturing COA badge.

Does Amazon Sell Bioptimizers    

Bioptimizers – Magnesium Breakthrough – 7 Types of Magnesium – 7 Types of Magnesium – Chelate, Citrate, Bisglycinate, Malate, Aspartate, Taurate, Oratate (60 Capsules) Amazon’s Choice highlights highly rated, well-priced products available to ship immediately.

Does Walmart Sell Or Have Bioptimizers        

BiOptimizers Vitamins & Supplements –

Is Bioptimizers Effective       

Due to the higher price point, proprietary blends, and a couple of other cons listed above, biOptimizers may be a good option for some but out of reach for others. Overall the products are well researched and seem to provide excellent results for those who take them.

Is Bioptimizers Program Real        

In 2004, they launched BiOptimizers, offering several products such as enzymes, fitness programs, and plant-based protein. The company began small, but over the last 17 years, it has blossomed into one of the biggest online supplement enterprises available.

What Are The Ingredients In Bioptimizers      

Ingredients. Elemental Magnesium 500mg 120% (from 1830mg of Magnesium Proprietary Blend), Magnesium Chelate, Magnesium Citrate, Magnesium Bisglycinate, Magnesium Malate, Magnesium L-Threonate, Magnesium Taurate, Magnesium Orotate, Humic/Fulvic Monoatomic Blend, Vitamin B6 2mg 118%, Manganese (as Citrate) 1mg 43%.

What Does Bioptimizers Do For You     

It will allow for better absorption of amino acids and specific vitamins, improved digestion and gut health, increasing energy levels, mental clarity, and decreasing any brain fog you may be experiencing. You may even experience better skin and less sensitivity to foods that irritate you as you use this product.

What Is Bioptimizers Good For    

It works by strengthening your gut barrier, allowing the healing to begin while reintroducing healthy bacteria cultures to aid digestion. BiOptimizers added in FOS, which can cause many issues for some people and should be considered before purchase.

How Does Bioptimizers Work       

It works by strengthening your gut barrier, allowing the healing to begin while reintroducing healthy bacteria cultures to aid digestion. BiOptimizers added in FOS, which can cause many issues for some people and should be considered before purchase.

How Much Does Bioptimizers Cost       

Magnesium Breakthrough from BiOptimizers cost $33 (and you can save 10% with this link if you want to try it out). At first glance, most athletes would choose the cheaper version.

Does Bioptimizers Come In Pill Form    

Take 1 capsule with each meal, or within 30 minutes of eating a meal. One jar of BiOptimizers HCL Breakthrough contains 90 capsules.

How Many Times A Day Do You Take Bioptimizers 

Take 1-3 capsules with each meal and 1-2 capsules between meals. One jar of BiOptimizers MassZymes contains 250 capsules, sufficient for 16 to 48 days of recommended use.

Where Does Bioptimizers Come From  

The betaine HCL is extracted from beets. In addition to betaine HCL, HCL Breakthrough also contains 5 different digestive enzymes and a full spectrum, patented mix of minerals. All ingredients are from a plant-based source.

What Is The Best Time To Take Bioptimizers 

The recommended dosage is three P3-OM capsules and five MassZymes capsules in the morning and the evening before sleeping on an empty stomach. With every meal, take three P3-OM, five MassZymes, and two HCL Breakthroughs.

>>Click Here for BiOptimizers Best Price

Is Bioptimizers Legitimate   

The reviews on the biOptimizers website show that the customers who are buying these supplements are satisfied. They don’t have many reviews; however, all the products are rated above four stars. It’s important to remember that they won’t typically post any bad reviews on any company website.

Bioptimizers How Much Do You Take   

You need to take three capsules per serving, which means if you are eating three main meals a day, that’s nine capsules in total. The bottle contains about a month’s worth of three times daily usage.

Is Bioptimizers A Scam

The reviews on the biOptimizers website show that the customers who are buying these supplements are satisfied. They don’t have many reviews; however, all the products are rated above four stars. It’s important to remember that they won’t typically post any bad reviews on any company website.

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Health and Fitness

Nitric Drive Enhancement Formula is an organic dietary supplement that comes in the form of capsules.



power g4ea4a6e9a 640

Nitric Drive is intended to increase performance, stamina and strength by supporting nitric oxide production within the body. The user of this supplement will experience a reduction in recovery time, an improvement in blood circulation, and an increase in stamina. Nitric Drive is designed not only to increase performance but also to support a healthy lifestyle, which means that users should experience benefits even after ceasing use of the product. Read on for more information about this powerful new pre-workout!

Who Makes Nitric Drive?

While the formula behind Nitric Drive was developed by Jim Mcleod, the product is manufactured and sold under the brand name of Crazy Bulk. Crazy Bulk is a supplement manufacturer based in the UK. They are best known for producing high-quality products at a low cost, with many of their products costing less than $1 per day. Crazy Bulk has been in business for over a decade, and during this time they have built a reputation for producing high-quality supplements. They are regularly featured in magazines such as Muscle & Fitness and Men’s Health, as well as being recommended by sports stars and celebrities, such as Arnold Schwarzenegger and Hugh Jackman.

How Does Nitric Drive Work?

Nitric Drive works by boosting nitric oxide levels within the body. Nitric oxide is known in the bodybuilding and athletic communities as being “the building block of muscle.” It has many uses and benefits within the body, including the promotion of increased blood circulation. When blood flow is increased, this opens up the veins and allows for greater transport of nutrients and oxygen to the muscles. An increased blood flow also carries away metabolic waste products such as carbon dioxide and lactic acid. This leads to improved stamina and reduced recovery times, as well as an increase in muscle size and strength. Crazy Bulk’s Nitric Drive formula uses a combination of ingredients to boost nitric oxide levels. The ingredients include: Hordenine, L-Arginine, Niacin (Vitamin B3), L-Citrulline, Caffeine, and Higenamine.

Benefits of Using Nitric Drive

– Performance – The increased blood flow that results from taking Nitric Drive will improve not only strength but also speed and agility, allowing users to perform better in all athletic endeavors. – Stamina – As well as improving strength, taking Nitric Drive also increases stamina, meaning that users can perform at their best for longer and in more demanding situations. – Reduced recovery times – Another major benefit of taking Nitric Drive is that recovery times are reduced, meaning that users can train more often without risking overtraining. – Increased size and strength – As well as improving blood flow, Nitric Drive also increases the amount of nutrients and oxygen that can reach muscles, resulting in greater muscle growth and size.

Ingredients in Nitric Drive

– Hordenine – Hordenine is an amino acid that has been shown to improve the production of nitric oxide. – L-Arginine – L-Arginine is a naturally occurring amino acid that promotes the production of nitric oxide. – Niacin (Vitamin B3) – Niacin is required within the body to transform L-Arginine into nitric oxide. – L-Citrulline – L-Citrulline is a naturally occurring amino acid that aids the conversion of L-Arginine into nitric oxide. – Caffeine – Caffeine may increase the rate of which the body converts L-Arginine into nitric oxide. – Higenamine – Higenamine is found naturally in the body, and animal studies have shown that it may increase the production of nitric oxide.

Side Effects of Using Nitric Drive

Although Nitric Drive is a safe and effective supplement, some users may experience side effects. These are rare but may include: Crazy Bulk recommends that users avoid using Nitric Drive if they are pregnant or breastfeeding, or have any existing medical conditions. As with any dietary supplement, it is important to ensure that you are aware of your current health and dietary status before beginning a new supplement. In addition, it is a good idea to consult with a doctor before beginning a new supplement. This is particularly important if you are currently taking medications, or if you have a pre-existing medical condition.

Review: Should You Try Nitric Drive?

Nitric Drive is a high-quality, effective pre-workout supplement. It is affordable, and many consumers report that it provides a noticeable boost to their performance. Crazy Bulk is a manufacturer that produces effective and safe supplements that are easy on the pocket. You can get a 60-day supply of Nitric Drive for $29.99, and save even more by using a coupon. Nitric Drive is a great pre-workout supplement for any athlete, whether you are just starting out or are an experienced gym-goer. It is safe for most people, and you can experience benefits even after you have stopped taking it.

The Bottom Line

If you are looking for a boost to your athletic performance, then Nitric Drive is worth trying. It is an affordable and effective pre-workout supplement that can help you to improve your results, both in the gym and on the field. Crazy Bulk’s Nitric Drive is a great choice if you are looking for a pre-workout supplement. It is affordable, safe, and effective, and can help you to boost your performance, no matter what sport you play.

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